Roberto Gorelli points our attention at a recently published meteor related paper:

The 18 May 2024 superbolide over the Iberian Peninsula: USG space sensors and ground-based independent observations

This article has been submitted submitted to MNRAS for publication by E. Peña-Asensio, P. Grèbol-Tomàs, J. M. Trigo-Rodríguez, P. Ramírez-Moreta, and R. Kresken.

On 18 May 2024, a superbolide traversed the western part of the Iberian Peninsula, culminating its flight over the Atlantic Ocean and generating significant media attention. This event was caused by a weak carbonaceous meteoroid of 89.8±0.4 cm, with a density of 1660 kg m−3, entering the atmosphere at 41.6 km s−1 with an angle of 10.9°. The luminous phase started at 138 km and ended at an altitude of 54 km. The meteoroid’s heliocentric orbit was characterized by an inclination of 15.4°, a high eccentricity of 0.965, a semi-major axis of 3 au, and a notably short perihelion distance of 0.11 au. The superbolide was recorded by multiple ground-based stations of the Spanish Meteor Network (SPMN), the European Space Agency (ESA), and the U.S. Government (USG) space sensors. Our analysis shows a relatively good agreement with the radiant and velocity data reported by the Center for Near-Earth Object Studies (CNEOS), with a deviation of 1° and 1.2 km s−1, respectively. Due to the absence of observable deceleration, we successfully reconciled satellite radiometric data with a purely dynamic atmospheric flight model, constraining the meteoroid’s mass and coherently fitting its velocity profile. The inferred bulk density and aerodynamic strength of the meteoroid from the flight model are compatible with the properties recently measured for sample-returned materials from asteroid Bennu. The physical properties and the orbital results suggest that this meteoroid originated from a recent disruption of a comet, indicating the existence of hazardous meter-sized projectiles arriving on Earth from objects formed in the distant regions of the Solar System.

You can download this paper for free: (6 pages).


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