Roberto Gorelli points our attention at a recently published meteor related paper:

A Physical Survey of Meteoroid Streams: Comparing Cometary Reservoirs

This article has been submitted for publicationby N. Buccongello, P. G. Brown, D. Vida, A. Pinhas.

Abstract: In this work, we present an optical survey of mm-sized meteoroids using the Canadian Automated Meteor Observatory’s (CAMO) mirror tracking system. The system tracks meteors to magnitude +7.5 through an image-intensified telescopic system which has a spatial accuracy of ∼1 m and a temporal resolution of 10 ms. We analyze 41 meteors from 13 showers with known parent bodies, recorded between 2016 and 2022. We fit a numerical ablation and fragmentation model to our data which models meteoroid fragmentation as erosion into 10 µm to 500 µm constituent grains and uses the observed wake as a hard constraint on the model parameters. We measure average bulk meteoroid densities which are consistent with in situ measurements: 602 ± 155 kg m^−3 for Jupiter-family and 345 ± 48 kg m^−3 for Halley-type showers. The Geminids had the highest measured bulk density of 1387 ± 240 kg m^−3, consistent with carbonaceous material. We fail to reproduce the high bulk density (>3000 kg m^−3) for Jupiter-family meteoroids previously reported in the literature derived using fragmentation models on data sets with fewer observational constraints. We also provide estimates of the meteoroid grain sizes, grain mass distributions, and energy necessary to trigger the erosion for meteoroids in the analyzed showers.


You can download this paper for free: (146 pages).


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