Roberto Gorelli points our attention at a recently published meteor related paper:

Identifying meteorite droppers among the population of bright ’sporadic’ bolides imaged by the Spanish Fireball Network during the spring of 2022

This article has been submitted for publication in MNRAS by E. Peña-Asensio, J. M. Trigo-Rodríguez, A. Rimola, M. Corretgé-Gilart, and D. Koschny.

Abstract: We take advantage of the extraordinary weather conditions available between February and March 2022 over Spain to analyze the brightest fireballs recorded by the monitoring stations of the Spanish Meteor Network (SPMN). We study the atmospheric flight of 15 large meteoroids to determine if they are meteorite dropper events to prepare campaigns to search for freshly fallen extraterrestrial material. We investigate their origins in the Solar System and their dynamic association with parent bodies and meteoroid streams. Employing our Python pipeline 3D-FireTOC, we reconstruct the atmospheric trajectory utilizing groundbased multi-station observations and compute the heliocentric orbit. In addition, we applied an ablation model to estimate the initial and terminal mass of each event. Using a dissimilarity criterion and propagating backward in time, we check the connection of these meteoroids with known complexes and near-Earth objects. We also calculate if the orbits are compatible with recent meteoroid ejections. We find that ∼27% of these fireballs are dynamically associated with minor meteoroid streams and exhibit physical properties of cometary bodies, as well as one associated with a near-Earth asteroid. We identify two meteorite-producing events; however, the on-site search was unsuccessful. By considering that these fireballs are mostly produced by cm-sized rocks that might be the fragmentation product of much larger meteoroids, our findings emphasize the idea that the population of near-Earth objects is a source of near-term impact hazards, existing large Earth-colliding meteoroids in the known complexes.

You can download this paper for free: (10 pages).


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